This week, let’s travel south to Bolivia to explore Pumapunku.  This wonder has been argued about since the time of the Incas.  It was once a large building made of a giant stone blocks.  Today it is in a state of ruin, but it still very apparent how glorious it once was.

There is a lot of debate about Pumapunku and how it was constructed.  Similarly to the pyramids of Egypt some believe it is proof of alien visitation.  Others insist ancients would have been able to build the marvel.


Pumpapunku’s construction blocks weigh as much as 440 tons and average between 100 and 150 tons.  The quary for the stone used is ten miles away from the building site.  Some believe transporting the stones would have been impossible, but it is more common to believe it was possible, though difficult, to drag the stones into place.  There are some marks on the stones that lead some researches to conclude that they were designed to be dragged with rope.

The reason Pumpapunku is an engineering marvel is because, if the pieces are examined it is apparent that the overall design was complex and advanced.  All of the blocks were carved in order that they would interlock with each other.  The blocks were cut as specific angles to make them fit perfectly together in a large puzzle.   How they were cut is still unknown.  Some say the cuts are too precise for any ancient civilization to create, and others say it was possible with hard-work and hand tools.


It is interesting how little we know about the construction and reasoning behind Pumpunku.  The Incas told the Spaniards that Pumpuku was there long before them.  With all of the groups of people who took over the land, it is hard to tell what was done by the original builders.  The lack of a written language means we may never know how or why it was built.  Personally, I credit the ancient people and believe in their ingenuity.  While impressive, Pumapunku doesn’t seem to be so outrageous that aliens were needed.


To fly to Bolivia, you will fly into La Paz.  In order to visit Pumapunku, I would recommend taking a group tour of the area.  Signing up for a trip through an agency such as Absolute Latin America will help you get the most out of your visit.  They can take you through all of Bolivia as well as show you the ruins.  Going with a tour guide will help you see the most incredible parts of Pumapunku.

While I had always planned on visiting Peru, now I have to add its neighbor, Bolivia, to the list.





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5 Responses to Pumapunku

  1. stephanieflee says:

    I agree that it is probably the ancient people who built Pumapunku. I think the ancient civilizations were much more intelligent than we give them credit for. It’s also interesting to think about how they cut the stone and put them into place.

    Also, I think that some people are too quick in attributing scientific mysteries to the presence of aliens. Although it is dificult to prove anything with objects this old, I think it is possible to have dragged the stones into place with ropes.

    • jaclynckrogh says:

      I think it is interesting when people jump to the conclusion that something was aliens’ doing. We don’t have any proof that aliens were ever here, and therefore we can’t compare any structure to another of theirs.

      • stephanieflee says:

        Yes, it is quite a controversial issue because everyone’s idea of “proof” is different. Some people look at the situation with a scientific view. For others, it is a matter of personal beliefs.

  2. mattdelaneywpc says:

    Many people underestimate man-power and the effects of hard work, although this must have taken forever to create. Im curious to know if there was a reason that they built this so far from the quarry.

  3. jaclynckrogh says:

    There is no agreed upon reason, but it might have to do with the tree line. The building was set right above the tree line of the mountain.

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